04.04.2017 - 09.04.2017 33 °C
After 100 days it was time to say goodbye to South America and move onto Panama.
The 30,000 km Pan American highway runs from Alaska to the bottom of South America continuously. The sole exception is the Darien Gap.
Map showing the Darien Gap, an area of rainforest and swampland between Colombia and Panama.
In our travels, many travellers that we met said the way around this technical hitch was to catch a boat from Cartagena, Colombia, to El Provenir, Panama, passing, on the way, so they said, the incredibly beautiful San Blas Islands.
The boat we took was called the Amande, a 52 foot sailing yacht.
Captain Nikki !
The “Amande”. The sailing boat that we took from Cartagena, Colombia to El Provenir, Panama – via the San Blas islands.
There were 11 passengers and 3 crew on the boat. We thought “Hey, we’ll get a double cabin with a private bathroom. That will be nice”.
You’ll notice from the map above that before we reach the San Blas islands, there’s a bit of sea to cross. It wasn’t that rough but let me ask. Have you ever slept, or tried to sleep, in a tumbling tumble dryer on high heat ? That’s what the cabin was like. There were two tiny windows to the outside, it was hot as Hades, and the room was corkscrewing. I lasted about 2 hours on the first night before having to get up and get some air. The other 4 nights I didn’t even try; I just slept on the deck. The trip across the open sea was only 36 hours and once we’d arrived the sea was calm, although I still slept on the deck. Nikki was ok sleeping below decks, as was the rest of the passengers and crew. However,…..
Arriving at the San Blas islands; a group of 315 islands off the north coast of Panama, we understood what the other travellers had been saying:
And Nikki's toes...
We had 3 days on the islands; one day for each of the 3 islands we visited. We even saw an even more desolate island:
Altogether, a magical experience. However, after washing in the sea for 5 days, and sleeping on the deck, we were rather looking forward to a good shower and proper bed. First, however, we had to travel from the Atlantic to the Pacific. When we did this in reverse, from Antofogasta, Chile to Buenos Aires, it took about 3 days. This time, it was 2.5 hours.
The bed was awesome ! And a proper shower !
Our Apartment in Panama City
Panama. Of course, the first thing that comes to most peoples’ mind when you mention Panama is the Canal. I’ve mentioned in previous blogs that, prior to the first ship going through in 1914, you had to sail around Cape Horn if you wanted to get from Europe to the Pacific. This took a long time and was dangerous. When the Panama Canal became operational it had a massive effect on world trade.
It all started with this bloke, however, in 1513:
Vasco Nunez de Balboa – The first European to see the Pacific.
The importance of this potential crossing was recognised early on. It took a long time to come to fruition. Partly because the Spanish, Portuguese, British, Dutch, and French were all having a bun fight over the New World. Well, actually, to be more precise, over the gold the Spanish and Portuguese were stealing from the indigenous populations and transferring to Europe. The Brits, not wishing to open up a war with the Spanish and Portuguese directly came up with a cunning plan. They decided that they’d sort of back the Pirates and they became called “Privateers”. Ie Pirates that would try to extract the gold from the Spanish/ Portuguese.
One particularly enterprising Privateer was called Henry Morgan…
Sir Henry Morgan - Welsh Privateer
He ransacked Panama in 1671 and left it in ruins. But came away with a Kinghhood and the Governorship of Jamaica.
Panama City was rebuilt a few kilometres away and the original town was left in ruins for 250 years but now the original colonial architecture is in the process of being rebuilt and the city is beautiful. And the climate is a little less humid than Cartagena in Colombia.
Lots of people use the old city as a location for taking photos. Like this ballerina....
And here are some photos of our hotel:
Photos of our hotel in Panama
The Panama Canal
The building of the Panama Canal started in 1881. Ferdinand de Lesseps, the develop and builder of the hugely profitable Suez Canal succeeded in setting up, and getting investors to invest in, the (French) Compagnie du Canal de Panama. De Lesseps estimated the cost at US$400 million (a heck of a lot of money back then). The picture below shows the final set up of the Panama canal. However, the French originally thought that it could follow the pattern of the Suez canal and not have locks. This turned out to be a complete disaster from a technical viewpoint. The amount of earth that needed to be moved was colossal.
However, more of a problem was the Health and Safety problems. At AGL, the company I work for, the target for employee injuries is Zero. The actual measure of Lost Time is 1.8.
In the building of the Panama canal by the French, the mortality rate (the number of employees dying) was, in 1884, 200 per month ! The culprit ? This critter.
The Aedes Aegypti Mosquito.
The Aedes Aegypti mosquito carries Malaria and Yellow Fever. The death rate was not helped when, in order to try to stop ants crawling into the beds someone had the bright idea to put the bed legs into bowls of water. Which became stagnant. And bred mosquitos.
A staggering 22,000 people died during between 1881 and 1889 when after moving only 22 million metres cubed of earth, the company, having spent US$287 million, went bankrupt.
Did I hear the bugle of the American 7th Cavalry ? Yes. Whilst all the above was going on Panama was part of “Gran Colombia”, a conglomeration of Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador.
The Americans kind of wanted the canal and started discussions with Gran Colombia which were fruitless so the Americans decided to back Panamanian Independence in 1903. Well, sort of independent. The US would have rights to develop the canal and perpetual sovereignty over the canal and 8 km’s either side of it.
So, after buying the work and equipment that the French had put in for US$40 million, working on the yellow fever and malaria issues (sanitation, water quality, roads, sewerage), putting in US$335 million, in 1914, the steamhip Ancon made the first crossing of the Panama canal.
In 1977, Jimmy Carter agreed that the Panamanians would gain sovereignty over the canal at the end of 1999.
In Jun 2016, the first ship made it through the parallel path of the Panama Canal that was wider and deeper to all for bigger ships. Achieved and a cost of US$5 billion.
The annual income from the canal is now US$2 billion with a profit of about US$1.3 billion/ year.
Photos of the Panama Canal and the historical monument for the Canal
Manuel Noriega, Operation Nifty Package, the Vatican Embassy, and Rock as Psychological warfare
Manuel Noriega was the Panamanian dictator in Panama from 1983 to 1989. He was a bad man.
Then he stopped paying the USA the fees from the Panama Canal. So the US launched "Operation Nifty Package" to get rid of Noriega. (I'm not making this up !).
He ran away to the Apostolic Nunciature of the Holy See, also known as the Vatican Embassy to seek asylum.
The Americans resorted to using the ultimate psychological torture.
Yes. They played, at ear splitting volume, "Welcome to the Jungle" by Guns and Roses, "I Fought the Law" by the Clash, "Too Old to Rock 'n' Roll: Too Young to Die" by Jethro Tull.
After 10 days Noriega gave himself up and is now in a jail in Panama until 2031when he will be 97 years old...